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| Last Updated:: 23/06/2015

General

 

Date of Formation

1 November 1956

Location

South West tip of the India's main land/

North latitude between 8o 18` and 12o 48`
East longitude between 74o 52` and 77o 22`

Capital

Thiruvananthapuram

Area

38,863 sq.km.

Principal Language 

Malayalam

Currency

Indian Rupee

National Festival

Onam

State Animal

Elephant

State Bird

The Great Indian Hornbill 
(Buceros bicornis)

State Flower

Kanikonna(Cassia fistula)

State Tree

Coconut Tree(Cocos nucifera)

Staple Food

Rice

State Fish

Pearl Spot ("Karimeen” in Malayalam)(Etroplus suratensis)

Neighbouring States/ Union Territories

Tamil Nadu, Karnataka and Lakshadeep

CENSUS OF INDIA 2011- PRIMARY CENSUS ABSTRACT KERALA

Demography Population

3,34,06,061

Male

1,60,27,412

Female

1,73,78,649

Sex Ratio (Females Per 1000 males)

1,084

Population density

860/sq.km

Urban Population

1,59,34,926

Rural   Population

1,74,71, 135

Decadal Growth rate

4.9

Child Population (0-6 years): Total

34,72,955

Rural Child Population

18,23,664

Urban Child Population

16,49,291

Scheduled Caste Population 

30,39,573

Scheduled Tribe Population

4,84,839

Literacy Rate

2,81,35,824

Male Literacy Rate

1,37,04,903

Female Literacy Rate

1,44,30,921

Literacy Rate(%)

94.0

Male literacy Rate(%)

96.1

Female Literacy Rate(%)

92.1

Rural Literacy Rate

1,45,49,320

Urban Literacy Rate

1,35,86,504

No. of Administrative Units

 

Districts

14

Taluks

63

Villages

1018

Statutory Towns

59

Census Towns

461

Grama Panchayats 

978

No. of Community Development Blocks

152

District Panchayats

14 

Assembly Seats

140+ 1 Anglo Indian Nominee 

Lok Sabha Seats

20+ 1 Anglo Indian Nominee

Rajya Sabha seats

Municipalities

53

Municipal Corporations

5

Cantonments

1(Kannur) 

Township

1(Guruvayoor) 

Legislative Constituencies

140

Loksabha Constituencies

20

Rajya Sabha Seats

9

Seat of High Court 

Kochi

Highest Populated District 

Malappuram

Lowest populated District

Wayanadu

Largest District

Idukki

Smallest District 

Alappuzha

Longest river 

Periyar

Highest peak

Anamudi

Largest Lake

Vembanadu Lake

* All administrative units are as on 31-12-2009, the date of freezing of administrative boundaries for Census

Source: censusindia.gov.in 

 

 Districts of Kerala (Alphabetic order)