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| Last Updated:: 18/10/2016

Health

          Health status is generally measured in terms of mortality indicators like Death rate, Infant mortality rate and expectation of life at birth among others. Mortality indicators shows that health status of Kerala is far advanced and higher than the all India average and is even comparable with developed countries. This outstanding progress of health status is achieved through widespread growth of the three systems of medicine in public, private, co-operative sectors combined with people's health awareness. The basic health indicators of Kerala and India are given in below. Though Kerala has attained better health care indicators, the people are now facing the problem of high morbidity both from communicable and non- communicable diseases.Kerala is having the highest number of health care institutions as per the 1991 census. About 26% of total health care institutions in India are located in Kerala.Basic Health Indicators 2009 , 2011 and 013

 

 

                 Table: District wise details of health care institution, beds and waste generation

  

District

No of Health Care Institutions

Number of beds

         Alappuzha            

343

8835

 Ernakulam              

546

15819

Idukki

194

4096

 Kannur

392

5149

Kasaragod

209

2107

Kollam

704

7530

Kottayam

440

9323

Kozhikode

342

9034

Malappuram

327

5030

Palakkad

316

4925

Pathanamthitta

310

5096

Thiruvananthapuram

411

12910

Thrissur

434

12991

Wayanad

127

2307

Total

5095

105152

 

                                                    

 

The district wise distribution of health care institutions in the state is given below

 

                                                     

 

Common Communicable Diseases: Communicable diseases such as Dengue, Malaria, Leptospirosis, Hepatitis, Chikungunya, HINI fever, Malaria etc are increasing every year. Thiruvananthapuram district is almost endemic to Dengue and reporting about two thirds of cases in the State. Presence of co- morbidity is a major problem which leads to mortality in case of communicable diseases which affects liver. Major problems in this area are given below.

 

  •  Lack of peripheral centres for early detection.
  • Lack of Rapid Diagnostic Test (RDT) kits in health institutions.
  • Lack of safe drinking water and unhygienic environment.
  • Problem of migrant labourers.
  • Lack of manpower in urban areas.

 Prevalence of principal communicable diseases during 2011, 2015 

⇒ 100 Core Health Indicators

                                

Source: Economic Review 2011-2015