Envis Centre, Ministry of Environment & Forest, Govt. of India

Printed Date: Thursday, February 29, 2024

Biodiversity Heritage Site

                  Biodiversity Heritage Site

 

Name of the Site

1. Nallur Tamarind Grove

Name of the District

Bengaluru

Taluk

Devanahalli

Area

54 acres

Importance of the area

It is popularly believed to be a relic of the Chola Dynasty that ruled nearly 800 years ago, is spectacle of awesome wonder and a freakish site. This BHS spread over 54 acres comprising a population of nearly 300 trees, is a picture of dynamic pattern of plant diversity. The significant component of this popular structure is a group of old plants standing like ageless sentinels, firmly rooted to the ground with their gigantic trunks, along with large picturesque crowns spread very high and aloft like open wings.

 

Name of the Site

2. Hogrekan

Name of the District

Chikmagalur

Taluk

Kadur

Gram Panchayat

Balliganuru

Area

2508.15 acres

Importance of the area

The area has unique Shola vegetation and grass land with number of floral species which are unique and having lot of medicinal value. Hogrekan is moderately wooded land and its vegetation is of dry deciduous type and has a link with Bababudanagiri and Kemmangundi, adjoining Bhadra Wildlife Sanctuary and Yemmedode Tiger Reserve and serving as "Wildlife Corridor" between Kudremukha and Bhadra Wildlife Sanctuary.

Name of the Site

3. University of Agricultural Sciences, GKVK Campus, Bengaluru

Name of the District

Bengaluru

Area

167 hectares

Importance of the area

The GKVK campus is considered one of the greenest areas in Bengaluru. Biological diversity of this campus constitutes a critical repository of various forms of flora and fauna (including 13 sp of mammals, 10 sp of reptiles, 165 sp of birds and 530 sp of plants) which needs to be protected nurtured to posterity.

Name of the Site

4. Ambaraguda

Name of the District

Shimoga

Area

3857.12 hectares

Importance of the area

It is a revenue land located between Sharavathi Wild Life Sanctuary and Someshwara Wildlife Sanctuary. It has Shola vegetation which is primitive vegetation in the Western Ghat and also has grasslands.

Name of the Site

5. Glory of Allapalli

Name of the State

Maharashtra

Name of the District

Gadchiroli

Taluk

---

Area

6 hectares

Importance of the area

It is a reserved forest being preserved as natural forest having biological, ethinical and historical values.

Name of the Site

6. Tonglu BHS under the Darjeeling Forest Division

Name of the State

West Bengal

Name of the District

Darjeeling

Taluk

---

Area

230 hectares

Importance of the area

It is a Medicinal Plant Conservation Areas

Name of the Site

7. Dhotrey BHS under the Darjeeling Forest Division

Name of the State

West Bengal

Name of the District

Darjeeling

Taluk

---

Area

180 hectares

Importance of the area

It is a Medicinal Plant Conservation Areas              

Name of the Site

8. Dialong Village

Name of the State

Manipur

Name of the District

Tamenglong

Taluk

---

Area

11.35 Sq.km

Importance of the area

---

Name of the Site

9. Ameenpur lake

Name of the State

Telangana

Name of the District

Sangareddy

Taluk

Ameenpur

Area

---

Importance of the area

---

Name of the Site

10. Majuli

Name of the State

Assam

Name of the District

Majuli

Taluk

---

Area

875 Sq.km

Importance of the area

It is an island situated in the Brahmaputra River which is harboring unique Ecological and Cultural Heritage.

Name of the Site

11. Ghariyal Rehabilitation Centre

Name of the State

Uttar Pradesh

Name of the District

Lucknow

Taluk

Kukrail Reserve Forest

Area

10 Hectares

Importance of the area

It is a centre established for conservation and rehabilitation of critically endangered species of Gharial.

Name of the Site

12. Chilkigarh Kanak Durga

Name of the State

West Bengal

Name of the District

Jhargram

Taluk

Chilkigarh

Area

55.9 Acres (Perimeter Of 1,969 Meters)

Importance of the area

Chilkigarh Kanak Durga Sacred Grove is a remnant forest with traditional beliefs and taboos of local inhabitants and rich in biodiversity covering an area of 55.9 acres in Jhargram District of West Bengal.

Name of the Site

13. Khlaw Kur  Syiem KmieIng

Name of the State

Meghalaya

Name of the District

Ri-Bhoi

Taluk

Umling

Area

16.05 ha

Importance of the area

It is a mosaic of natural habitats along with significant diversity of life forms. It is also an old  Sacred Grove with monoliths and religious spots.

Name of the Site

14. Mandasaru

Name of the State

Odisha

Name of the District

Kandhamal

Taluk

Raikia

Area

528 ha

Importance of the area

Mandasaru gorge is an adobe of 1563 species of plants, animals and fungi spreaded over an area of 528 ha.

Name of the Site

15. Purvatali Rai

Name of the State

Goa

Name of the District

North Goa

Taluk

Bicholim

Area

7300 Sq. mts.

Importance of the area

Sacred Grove

Name of the Site

16. Naro Hills

Name of the State

Madhya Pradesh

Name of the District

Satna

Taluk

 

Area

200 hect

Importance of the area

Unique and varied geology and it supports a large number of ecosystem and species of Flora and Fauna.

Name of the Site

17. Patalkot

Name of the State

Madhya Pradesh

Name of the District

Chhindwara

Taluk

 

Area

8367.49 hect.,

Importance of the area

terrain of 1700 feet deep valley and ecosystem of estimated age of 6 Million years and species of rare flora and fauna including rare Bryophytes and Pteridopytes;

Name of the Site

18. Asramam

Name of the State

Kerala

Name of the District

Kollam

Taluk

 

Area

57.53 hect.,

Importance of the area

The BHS hosts a unique diversity of Mangrove species with diverse flora and fauna. The area harbours 15 sp. of true mangroves, 22 sp. of mangroves associated. 122 sp. of plants, 34 sp. of edible fish and about 62 sp. of birds. Most importantly, the site has the rare and endangered heritage trees of Syzygium travancoricum which is listed as critically endangered in IUCN Red List.

Name of the Site

19. Bambarde Myristica Swamps

Name of the State

Maharashtra

Name of the District

Dodamarg

Taluk

 

Area

2.59 Ha.,

Importance of the area

 

Name of the Site

20.  Ganeshkhind Garden

Name of the State

Maharashtra

Name of the District

Pune

Taluk

 

Area

33.01 Ha.,

Importance of the area

 

Name of the Site

21. Landorkhori

Name of the State

Maharashtra

Name of the District

Jalgaon

Taluk

 

Area

48.08 Ha.,

Importance of the area

 

Name of the Site

22. Schistura Hiranyakeshi

Name of the State

Maharashtra

Name of the District

Sindhudurg

Taluk

Western Ghats

Area

2.11 Ha.,

Importance of the area

The fish Schistura hiranyakeshi was spotted for the first time in a pond at the Mahadev Temple at Amboli in Sindhudurg district, Western Ghats The 2.11 ha area has now been declared as ‘Shistura Hiranyakeshi Biological Heritage Site’ in April 2021. It has become the 5th such heritage site in the state of Maharashtra. The fish was found by the team led by Tejas Thackeray, a wildlife researcher, and son of Maharashtra CM Uddhav Thackeray.

Name of the Site

23. Baneswar Shiva Dighi

Name of the State

West Bengal

Name of the District

Coochbehar-II

Taluk

Baneswar

Area

1.65 Acre

Importance of the area

It offers refuge to Black Softshell Turtle Nilssonia nigricans listed under Appendix I of CITES and extinct  in the wild category of IUCN.

Name of the Site

24. Sacred Grove at Sural Bhatori Monastery

Name of the State

Himachal Pradesh

Name of the District

Chamba

Taluk

Pangi

Area

07.15 Acre

Importance of the area

Uniqueness: A patch of Betula utilis or Bhojpatra trees wilh some intersp~rsed Willow trees Dominant shrubs and herbs: Rosa species, Lonicera species, Sorbus species, Agropyron longearistatum, Festuca species, Primula denticulata, Polygonatum verticillatum, Plantago asiatica, Heracleum candicans, Berberis species, Artemisia species, Bunium Persicum etc. Major faunal species, in the surrounding area: Snow Leopard, Brown Bear, Tibetan ·Wolf, Ibex etc

Name of the Site

25. High Altitude Meadow @ HUDAN BHATORI

Name of the State

Himachal Pradesh

Name of the District

Chamba

Taluk

Pangi

Area

108 Acre

Importance of the area

Uniqueness: Cotoneaster species, Lonicera species, Sorbus species, Brachypodium sylvaticum, Bromusasper, Fesruca species, Poa species, Primula denticulata, Picrorhiza kurroa, Anemone species. Iris species, Artemisia species. Lonicera spocies, Bunium persicum, Jurinea macrocephala etc. Important Horal species recorded in the area: Picrorhiza kurroa, Dactylorhiza haragirea, Aconitum heterophyllum, Podophyllum hexandrum and Saussurea costus (cultivated). Major faunal species, in the region: Snow Leopard, Brown Bear, Black Bear, Tibetan Wolf, Himalayan Marmot, Ibex and Royle's Pika.

Name of the Site

26. Birch-pine Forest Patch @ Nain Gahar

Name of the State

Himachal Pradesh

Name of the District

Lahaul & Spiti

Taluk

Uadipur

Area

151 bighas

Importance of the area

Uniqueness: Main trees are Himalayan Birch (Betula utilis) and Blue Pine (Pinus wallichiiana). A few middle aged trees of West Himalayan Spruce (Picea smithiana), Deodar (Cedrus deodara) and Juniper (Juniperus species) are interspersed in the proposed patch. Besides. Willow (Salix species) and Sea Buckthorn (Jlippophae salicifolia) are also present in the site. The proposed site also includes a very good patch of grassy area, which supports a very good population of important medicinal and aromatic plants like Picrorhzza kurroa. Dactylorhiza hacagirea, Aconitum heterophyllum, Podophyllum hexandrum, Aconitum violaceum, Bunium persicum, Hippophae rhamnoides etc.

Name of the Site

27. Baramura waterfall

Name of the State

Tripura

Name of the District

Khowai

Taluk

Khowai

Area

150 Ha

Importance of the area

Uniqueness: The highest natural waterfall in Tripura. Critical habitat for rare wildlife. Rich in floristic diversity. Habitat for many stream water favored fauna

Name of the Site

28. Unakoti

Name of the State

Tripura

Name of the District

Unakoti

Taluk

Unakoti

Area

40 Ha

Importance of the area

 

Uniqueness: Cultural and religious significance, Example of Ethno-religious aspects, Sacred trees and stones, Rich forest flora and fauna, Source of natural stream flow has diverse ecosystem services, Site of semi wild, wild and domesticated ornamental plants.

Name of the Site

29. Silachari Caves

Name of the State

Tripura

Name of the District

Gomati

Taluk

Gomati

Area

100 Ha

Importance of the area

Uniqueness: Only natural cave of Tripura. Unique habitat for several threatened cave bat species in Tripura. Rich floristic diversity. Ethno-religious and cultural significance. Critical habitat for rare wildlife. Stream rich in aquatic fauna. Multi- ecosystem services.

Name of the Site

30. Debbari or Chabimura

Name of the State

Tripura

Name of the District

Gomati

Taluk

Gomati

Area

215 Ha

Importance of the area

Uniqueness: River forest ecosystems at Debbari with rich fauna and flora. Unique habitat for threatened plants of Tripura like Dhup tree and cane resources of India. Unique breeding habitat for threatened fishes of Tripura. Unique breeding habitat for threatened wildlife of Tripura.

Name of the Site

31. Betlingshib & its surroundings

Name of the State

Tripura

Name of the District

North District

Taluk

 

Area

350 Ha

Importance of the area

Uniqueness: Geographical/ topographical significance: The highest peak of Tripura allows unique habitat ecosystem. Aesthetic value: View of Mizoram and Chittagon hill tracts, other hills of Jampui, orange orchards. Due to change in altitude, topography and climate the vegetation is totally unique compared to the mainland of the state. Biodiversity Significance: Highest floristic diversity in Tripura. Conservation significance: Suitable habitat for several red listed flora and fauna. Medicinal plant conservation area. Cultural significance: Diverse agro-ecosystem model.

Name of the Site

32. Amarkantak @ Madhya Pradesh

Name of the State

Madhya Pradesh

Name of the District

Anuppur

Taluk

Anuppur

Area

7681.50 Ha

Importance of the area

Uniqueness: site is situated on the Maikal mountain range which links the Vindhyachal and Satpura mountain ranges, at about 1067 meters above mean sea level. Site has unique terrain of 1700 ft. deep valley and ecosystem of estimated age of 6 Million year and species of rare flora & fauna including rare Bryophytes and Pteridophytes. Site is spread over 8367 .49hectare area. Amarkantak ecological system is the origin of three major rivers which contributes to water security of India, which need to be conserved.

Name of the Site

33. Hajong Tortoise Lake @ Assam

Name of the State

Assam

Name of the District

Dima Hasao

Taluk

Maibang

Area

526.78 Ha

Importance of the area

This lake is a natural habitat of Critically Endangered freshwater ‘Black Softshell turtle’ Nilssonia nigricans and Endangered ‘Indian Peacock Softshell turtle’ Nilssonia hurum besides other major flora and fauna. This site also harbour the threatened species like Critically Endangered Chinese Pangolin (Manis pentadactyla), Vulnerable Clouded Leopard (Neofelis nebulosa), Leopard (Panthera pardus), Asiatic Black Bear (Ursus thibetanus), Fishing Cat (Prionailurus viverrinus), Sambar (Rusa unicolor), Western Hoolock Gibbon (Hoolock hoolock), Capped Langur (Trachypithecus pileatus), Wreathed Hornbill (Rhyticeros undulatus) etc.

Name of the Site

34. Borjuli Wild Rice Site @ Assam

Name of the State

Assam

Name of the District

Sonitpur

Taluk

Rangapara

Area

0.41 Ha

Importance of the area

Uniqueness: This BHS has a good population of wild species of rice -Oryza rufipogon. The wetland located at 26.810888 N, 92.623559 E having area of 0.41 ha harbour a viable population of wild rice. This is a unique site due to population richness of this species, but both are vulnerable to climate change and anthropogenic activities. The species (O. rufipogon) possess genes for disease and pest resistance, tolerance to submergence and salinity, thus, important resource in breeding and improvement of rice crop and many of our current varieties derive many genes from this species. Its in-situ conservation for evolutionary process and adaptation to changing climate is important. This will be wealth for posterity not only for India but for the whole world. Oryza rufipogon, the progenitor of present-day cultivated rice, O. sativa, is one of the most studied wild species of rice. It is a perennial plant commonly found in a marsh or aquatic habitats of eastern and southern Asia. O. rufipogon is photosensitive in nature and flowers during short days during the months of November and December. The seeds have a tendency to shatter as soon as they mature. It is tolerant of flooding and acidic soils.

Name of the Site

35. Arittapatti Biodiversity Heritage Site

 @ TamilNadu

Name of the State

TamilNadu

Name of the District

Madurai

Taluk

Madurai

Area

193.215 He

Importance of the area

Uniqueness: This BHS has rich biological and historical significance with the presence of around 250 bird species including 3 flagship Raptor species - Laggar Falcon, Shaheen Falcon, Bonelli's Eagle and wildlife like Indan Pangolin, Python and Slender Loris.

Name of the Site

36. Mahendragiri hill Biodiversity Heritage Site @ Odisha

Name of the State

Odisha

Name of the District

Gajapati

Taluk

Gajapati

Area

4250 He

Importance of the area

Uniqueness: Mahendragiri hill is situated at an elevation between 700-1501 m above mean sea level in Gajapati district of Odisha. With increase altitude, the hill complex demonstrates several micro climatic conditions like tropical shola, tropical semievergreen, tropical moist-deciduous & tropical dry deciduous. The diversified vegetation with rich floral diversity representing 40% of the reported flora of Odisha. A total of 1,358 species of plants including 1,042 species of angiosperms under 122 families, 60 species of pteridophytes, 104 species of bryophytes, 53 species of lichens and 72 species of macro-fungi and 2 species of gymnosperms occurring in the hill ecosystem.The ancient temples of Kunti, Shima, Arjuna and Yudhisthir at Mahendragiri have been declared as protected monuments under the Ancient Monument and Archaeological sites and Remains Act 1958 by the State Government. These monuments provide a sacred and holy background for receiving about one lakh devotees annually every year to worship the deities of the hill

         

Reference: http://nbaindia.org